the medieval Knights originates back to the Frankish ruler Charlemagne in the 8th century. he required soldiers mounted on horseback to fight across his vast empire, in exchange for their service they were awarded land called benefices.
soon the practice of loyalty serving the king in exchange for land and property known as fiefs, spread across Europe. by the 11th century knights were recognized as a prestigious warrior class and the Knights role in the Crusades against Muslim control of the Holy Land further developed their purpose and role in to defenders of the Christian faith and Church.
training to become a knight
the road to knighthood began at the age of 7, there was a boy born of nobility and was sent to a castle like a page and when he turnd 14 he bcame a squire he would train in combat with a sword and Lance how to ride a horse hunting taking care of armor chivalry tournaments and warfare as a squire he could go into battle as an assistance to a knight and at age 21 they could be knighted during an elaborate ceremony called the accolade. Therefore, becoming a full night’s themselves.
Knights followed a code of behavior called chivalry, modeled on Christian virtues such principles included a vow to protect the weak and poor, honor women never lie show bravery and to defend the church and King. the chivalric code also ensured respects between fellow Knights, if an opposing knight surrendered during warfare he could expect to be treated well as a prisoner for ransom some Knights would go on to join elite religious military orders such as the Templars hospitallers and the Teutonic Knights. while others motivated by money, became mercenaries
weapons and armor
the invention of the stirrup had made it possible for mounted warriors to charge at the enemy effectively Knights wore expensive tailor-made metal armor early armor was a coat of chainmail called the haulback. which later developed into sections of plate armor added to it protecting arms shoulders and the legs until eventually full plate armor came about protecting the entire body.
the Knights could also carry a shield made of wood or metal to block attacks the Knights helmets protected the head and could feature a liftable hinged visor which protected the face and offered good air flow while plate armor protected the Knights from enemies swords and hammers it was heavy and limited mobility Knights used a variety of close combat weapons including swords Lance’s maces axes and war hammers
to keep their combat skills sharp when there was no Wars to be fought Knights took part in tournaments these tournaments were more like a sports events rather than military training featuring mock battles and jousting in front of large crowds which a knight could seek fame and fortune in so that Knights could distinguish each other they used personal emblems known as their coats of arms displayed on their surcoats shields and standards because of the competitive nature of the tournaments injuries and death were frequent to the extent that blunted weapons weren’t forced by the 14th century on the real battlefield siege warfare would be more common because of the development of fortified towns and castles to the frustration of the Knights and their fighting style discipline and battle was often lacking as nights sometimes broke ranks to show their bravery after the siege they would pillage and slaughter the enemy population becoming rich from the looting that followed in a pitched battle the night’s was deadly charging on horseback or on foot against one another clashing in brutal close combat end of the night.
from the end of the 15th century, new weapons such as the crossbow and gunpowder firearms and the rise of standing armies eventually made the role of the knight more obsolete.